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Under the motto “MObility, Development and Energy use ReductioN”, CIVITAS MODERN connects the cities of Craiova (Romania), Brescia (Italy), Coimbra (Portugal), and Vitoria-Gasteiz (Spain).


The four MODERN cities have put together a package of activities for cleaner and better urban transport based on stakeholder engagement and a performance-led approach. They are keen to build on their past efforts and substantially improve the quality of life for all citizens.

The MODERN cities represent a geographic diversity covering the entire continent from the Atlantic coast of Portugal through the Basque region and northern Italy to the Balkans. They are similar in size and represent important regional capitals that attract a lot of daily traffic from the surrounding areas. They also have in common that they face dramatic changes. Most of the cities used to be heavy industrial towns that are going through a phase of renewal and are struggling with a growing number of cars that is reaching critical dimensions and results in enormous social and economic costs. All of the cities have important old centres with a wealth of cultural and architectural heritage that are threatened by traffic and pollution and that the cities are anxious to preserve. Another challenge the MODERN cities face are increasing costs of providing public transport and accessibility. They recognise innovation as the key to improving efficiency and accessibility of public transport and to protect the environment.

Implementing sustainable mobility

The MODERN cities are well aware that the success of transport policy and mobility improvements is not only a question of technical factors but crucially dependent on a culture of clean mobility. They are conscious that single interventions have limited impact and therefore chose for an integrated package of 42 measures that are part of a large-scale programme.

CIVITAS MODERN combines the large-scale application of existing and commercially available technologies with activities that make use of advanced methodologies. The interventions include for instance the replacement of the public transport fleet with cleaner vehicles, systems for traffic management and info-mobility or state-of-the-art promotional campaigns. Besides promoting sustainable mobility measures and interaction among the participating cities, CIVITAS MODERN specifically focuses on encouraging strong cooperation among scientists and technicians to learn from experience and best practice throughout Europe.

Project results

MODERN has been the occasion to conjugate strategic planning to operational demonstrative measures. It has improved each city’s project management skills, enhanced the ability to cater relationships and leveraged technical knowledge to a higher degree. The commitment of Craiova, Brescia, Coimbra and Vitoria-Gasteiz to implement a bold set of integrated measures to reduce the car dependency and the dependency on fossil fuels,optimizing the use of energy and limiting emissions has been fulfilled. The most salient innovations can be summarized as follow:

“a strategic state-of-the-art approach”
In Vitoria-Gasteiz the concept of “superblock” in the consolidated city has been proved by implementing a new Public Transport network and promoting soft modes thanks to the new modal space allocation

“stimulating intermodality through technology and service”
In Craiova, Coimbra and Brescia diverse solutions were adopted for the integrated ticketing systems, from single contactless mobility cards for accessing all the mobility services available, to e-ticketing systems installed on buses and trams for connecting the vehicles to a central dispatch system for data collection and processing. Within each city the solutions are very promising and produced relevant results so as to become in the future real best practices in Europe.

“testing valid alternatives to curb the use of fossil fuels”
In Coimbra the study of the small-hydro power plant gave bright perspective to generate relevant revenues in favor of Public Transport as the energy produced in any one of the solutions identified, is in excess of the 750.000 kWh needed by the city’s trolleybuses and mini-electric buses. The 100 kwphotovoltaic plant in Brescia effectively produced about 94 Mwh/yr with a reduction of 47 t of CO2.

“favouring transferability and partnerships”
In every city the MODERN teams recognized the importance of collaboration and knowledge sharing
and thus fostered coherent ways of operating. The mutual support given in the definition of the tendering processes for the e-ticketing measures in Craiova, Brescia and Coimbra is emblematic of the cooperative attitude cultivated amongst the partners and the people of MODERN. MODERN project conjugated state-of-the-art strategic planning to operational demonstrative measures introducing a broad range of innovative solutions, encouraging transferability and knowledge sharing amongst cities, pursuing robust evaluation activities while disseminating to leverage its efforts. Notwithstanding all the thoroughness pursued during the project lifetime, the single partners as well as the consortium as a whole, had to face certain challenges that were in most cases successfully tackled.

Related documents


Full Evaluation




Project Descriptions

Result pub.